"fusaiola" English translation

Charcoal and Pastel Drawing Methods. The techniques used in drawing with charcoal, pastels, and dry crayon are very much alike. Often all three of these materials are used in the same drawing. Charcoal is charred wood.

Sticks of charcoal are sold in every art supply shop. You can even make your own if there is no art shop in your neighborhood. Drawing with Charcoal - We must bear in mind that no medium takes the place of charcoal. If we shirk its use and adhere obstinately to the pencil we shall lose the freedom that is essential for the development of our art. With most art materials, there is no one 'right or wrong' way to use it, but a selection of approaches which may suit your way of working.

Often you will need to experiment to find which method suits you best. Here are some of the questions that people have asked about drawing with charcoal. Pencils are often considered sturdy, reliable and precise. Charcoal Drawing Exercise : Soft Volume. For this exercise you will need a subject - I chose an old jug - and a light source, such as a window or lamp. Light coming from one direction will give you good shadows to work with.

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Charcoal Drawing Tutorials. Our charcoal drawing tutorials teach you to how to draw using traditional charcoal media.

On this page you will find information on charcoal drawing supplies. Drawing in Charcoal - Art Lessons. Charcoal comes in various forms, both compressed and in vine taken from the willow tree. These two tutorials from ArtGraphica, explore vine charcoal and its use for sketches and studies using brush techniques.

The medium can be messy, but adds to the enjoyment. Charcoal is sadly neglected yet with huge potential. How to Draw With Charcoal. Charcoal drawing is a well-recognized media. Very professional looking black-white images can be drawn just with a little chunk of charcoal and eraser. It's like making abstract photos without using computer. Charcoal is also a good way of learning gray gradients and lighting techniques.

But many people wondered how those images are made to look so cool with just a piece of charcoal.

Charcoal Drawing Techniques - How to Draw with Charcoal

This guide will explain how to draw with charcoal. Drawing with chalk or charcoal on toned, colored paper makes for really beautiful artwork. With already tan paper, it also helps with ready made middle and half tones. Artist William Kentridge on Charcoal Drawing - South Africa's most celebrated contemporary artist describes the allure of working with the messy immediacy of charcoal. Charcoal Drawing - Charcoal drawing means the use of charcoal for making drawings or paintings.

Charcoal is the blackish residue which can be obtained by removing water and other unstable elements from animals and vegetations. It is usually produced by burning wood in the absence of oxygen.Well technically speaking, charcoal is burnt organic material. Usually the material is wood.


There are a few types of charcoal used by artists to create a drawing. Vine charcoal usually consists of burnt willow wood. Vine charcoal is easily spread on a surface and is very easy to erase.

As a consequence it is generally makes a lighter mark when you draw than compressed charcoal and easily smudges. Which may be a benefit. Compressed charcoal is held together by a gum binder and is darker than vine charcoal. As a result, it is harder to erase, harder to smudge, but makes a darker mark. Compressed charcoal may come as a round stick, a square stick, or in a pencil.

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Vine charcoal is almost always a round stick. Some compressed charcoal is pigmented. This is the case with white compressed charcoal. When using charcoal to draw, a few tools will need to be at your disposal.

First, you may need a variety of different types of charcoal- vine, compressed, pencil form. You will also want to have a kneaded eraser.

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Kneaded Eraser - A kneaded eraser is a special type of eraser that is designed to lift the material off of the surface. Kneaded erasers work especially well with charcoal. Blending Stumps - You may also want to have a blending stump. A blending stump will allow you to have full control over the blending and smearing of the charcoal. You can create a blending stump by tightly rolling up drawing paper to a point.Euonymus europaeusthe spindleEuropean spindleor common spindleis a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceaenative to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils.


It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi Iranwhile it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. Leaves are dark green in summer. Autumn colour ranges from yellow-green to reddish-purple, depending on environmental conditions. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in late spring and are insect-pollinated; they are rather inconspicuous, small, yellowish green and grow in cymes of 3—8 together.

The capsular fruit ripens in autumn, and is red to purple or pink in colour and approximately 1—1. When ripe, the four lobes split open to reveal the orange seeds. It is a popular ornamental plant in gardens and parks due to its bright pink or purple fruits and attractive autumn colouring, in addition to its resistance to frost and wind. It has been introduced to North America where it has become an invasive species in some areas. European spindle wood is very hard, and can be cut to a sharp point; it was used in the past for making spindles for wool-spinning and for butchers' skewers.

Charcoal produced from this plant is seen as superior among artists due to its strength and density. Parts of the plant have been used medicinally. Poisonings are more common in young children, who are enticed by the brightly coloured fruits. Ingestion can result in liver and kidney damage and even death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Flower of Euonymus europaeuswith the four petals and four stamens.

Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 23 June July Retrieved 20 February The Oxford Book of Trees. Oxford: Oxford University Press. October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on Retrieved Hidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformats Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with 25—29 taxon IDs. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.Messaggi senza risposta Argomenti attivi.

Messaggi recenti I tuoi messaggi Messaggi in attesa di pubblicazione. La larva, verdastra, era infilata tra la piega di una foglia di Fusaggine Euonymus europaeus L. Si tratta con tutta evidenza di una Tortricide, probabilmente polifaga, quindi la Fusaggine potrebbe non essere la sola pianta nutrice. Mi sono documentata per riuscire a definirla, e sono approdata a al genere Argyrotaenia Stephens, Sottopongo le mie conclusioni ad un confronto.

Un saluto Silviana. Non puoi aprire nuovi argomenti. Forum Entomologi Italiani viene aggiornato in maniera casuale e assolutamente non periodica. Pertanto, ai sensi della L. Tutti i diritti degli autori sono riservati. FEI v1. Forum Entomologi Italiani www. Precedente Successivo. Un saluto Silviana Non hai i permessi necessari per visualizzare i file allegati in questo messaggio.

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Recent discussions. Small erect deciduous shrub having tough white wood and cathartic bark and fruit.


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Noun Botany Base language : English.Gluten-free beers are available in some supermarkets and restaurants, but make sure you only drink those that are labelled in this way. Even a tiny bit of gluten can be enough to cause symptoms for someone with coeliac disease, so make sure you minimise the risk of cross contamination with gluten-containing foods.

Do this by washing down kitchen surfaces before use, using separate butters, spreads and jams to minimise the spread of crumbs and invest in some toaster bags to keep your gluten-free bread separate.

Instead, try making your own pasta sauces and gravies using cornflour, arrowroot or potato starch to thicken them for a gluten-free option. Finding the right gluten-free substitute for your usual gluten-containing ingredients is a matter of personal taste, so spend time in the kitchen getting used to gluten-free flours and baking aids.

Once diagnosed with coeliac disease, you can start to make positive changes to your diet to improve your health.

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Join Coeliac UK for support to help you adjust, which includes a Food and Drink Directory listing products to help you get started in the kitchen. Coeliac UK is the national charity for people with coeliac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and offers help, advice and support. Find out more about the work we do at coeliac.

This article was last reviewed on 26th March 2015 by nutritional therapist Kerry Torrens. Do you have coeliac disease or suspect you may have a gluten intolerance. Share your top tips for living gluten-free below. As well as helping you decide what to cook we can also help you to cook it.

We know many of you are concerned about healthy eating, so we send them to a qualified nutritionist for thorough analysis too. Book tickets nowSee your favourite chefs on Sky Channel 247, Virgin TV 260 and find their recipes at goodfoodchannel.

Find out more hereBBC Worldwide is a commercial company that is owned by the BBC (and just the BBC). No money from the licence fee was used to create this page. The profits we make from it go back to BBC programme-makers to help fund great new BBC programmes.

EventsValentine's DayPancake DayMother's DayEastersee more. EverydayFreezableBatch cookingCheap eatsLeftoverssee more. OccasionsSunday lunchDinner partyAfternoon teaEasy entertainingsee more. VegetarianIron-richVeganVegetarian barbecueVegetarian partysee more. More recipe ideasCheap eatsCoursesSlow cookerCheap cutsee more.Thank you again loved my holiday and it wouldn't have been possible without your great service.

Graham and Patricia, Australia South and West in Detail, June 2016 We found Nordic Visitor to be very professional in all aspects of our experience. The attention to detail was outstanding, the correspondence provided before and during our holiday made it easy to enjoy the Iceland experience. Our decision to visit Iceland was because of other people who had been to Iceland. I am glad we added Iceland to our trip, it was a highlight. Christine, United States South and West in Detail, June 2016 This was a great way to see Iceland - just rent a car and drive around to the best sites, stopping for surprises along the way.

The planning was taken care of for us, but we didn't have to travel with a group. This trip is ideal for independent travelers. The travel and accommodation arrangements made for us could not have worked more smoothly. Abhishek, India Golden Route of the Nordic Countries, June 2016 Thank you so much for the amazing tour.


Matt, United States The Natural Wonders of Iceland, June 2016 The country is absolutely beautiful. Matt, United States Highlights of Scandinavia by car, June 2016 We had a great experience from the very beginning. Linda, United States The Classic Fjords Route, June 2016 All of the hotels, guest house were SUPERIOR. I would like to write up the tour company for Trip Advisor, but haven't been able to find out how exactly I can add you to their list of tour operators.

You can not imagine how pleased we were with the total experience with Nordic Visitor, and we have recommended you to our friends. The price, the services promised and delivered were top notch. Perfect in all ways. It was nice not having to worry about buying tickets or reserving hotel rooms for each location. But we didn't feel like we were on a big group tour, we could still wander and explore at our leisure. Andrew and Jennifer, United Kingdom Iceland Full Circle, June 2016 Overall a fantastic holiday, beautiful scenery, wonderful food and very friendly locals.

Heather and Larissa, Australia Express Iceland, May 2016 Only to say thank you for a wonderful holiday and trip of a lifetime.

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Alitta and Gwennyth, Canada Iceland Full Circle, May 2016 This was an amazing trip. Scott, United States Sweden in a Nutshell, May 2016 Overall, a very nice experience.

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This was our first time traveling overseas and while it took a little while to adapt to the local customs, once we figured that out we had a great time. I have to say, Swedish drivers are way more knowledgeable than US drivers. Everyone we met was extremely pleasant, courteous, and more than willing to help us out and explain any questions me had. William and Monica, United States Nordic Odyssey, May 2016 We loved our trip and were very lucky with beautiful weather.

During our 4 days in Iceland we experienced Glaciers, Snowmobiling, Waterfalls, Geysirs, Volcanos, Seaside, Off-Road and much much more. We also visited "The Pearl" which was a wonderful experience. Thank you to everyone who made our holiday such a wonderful memory. Peter and Jane, Australia The Natural Wonders of Iceland, April 2016 Our overall experience with Nordic visitor was exceptional, both in making arrangements and with the tour.

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